Plymouth Rock

Other Names: Barred Rock, Rock

Type: Bantam, Large

Colours: Barred, White, Buff, Silver

Plymouth Rock chickens are an old American breed and are a favourite of fancies and are extremely hardy, especially in cold climates. Developed in New England in the middle of the 19th century and first exhibited in 1869, development of the Plymouth Rock, whilst having several multiple claims to its invention, is larger credited to John C Bennet for creating or popularising the breed.

They do extremely well as a dual purpose fowl, valued for both its egg productivity (average of 200 eggs per year) and meat. They are a large, alert bird with yellow legs and beak and come in a variety of colors: barred (most common), white, buff, and silver. They are docile and calm and make an excellent addition to the flock, laying large brown eggs. Their placid nature makes them suited for children to raise. These combined traits have made them a highly popular breed particularly in its early days.

Plymouth Rocks are large, long-lived chickens. Some varieties are good layers while others are bred principally for meat. They possess a long, broad back; a moderately deep, full breast; and yellow skin and legs. The face of a Plymouth Rock is red with red ear lobes, a bright yellow beak, bay-colored eyes, and a single comb of moderate size. Their feathers are fairly loosely held but not so long as to easily tangle.

A miniature counterpart exists for this breed.

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